What is third party reproduction?
Third party reproduction may involve donor eggs, donor sperm, or a gestational surrogate. Female infertility caused by advanced maternal age, ovulatory dysfunction or suboptimal embryo quality can be treated with donor eggs and IVF, sometimes involving a third party gestational surrogate. Donor sperm is paired with in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI) to help overcome a low sperm count or irreversible male infertility.
The use of donor eggs with IVF gives women of advanced maternal age the opportunity to experience the joy of pregnancy despite infertility issues.
Who is a candidate for donor eggs (oocytes)?
The use of donor eggs with IVF gives women of advanced maternal age the opportunity to experience the joy of pregnancy despite infertility issues. A fertility doctor will also recommend donor eggs when patients experience premature ovarian failure, poor response to previous IVF cycles, or to treat a genetic condition carried in the female genes.
Who is a candidate for donor sperm?
Couples experiencing male infertility can get the opportunity to start a family using IUI with donor sperm. Men with low sperm counts, no sperm, or a testicular injury can also benefit from donor sperm.
When is a gestational surrogate an option?
When a woman has a diseased, non-functioning, or removed uterus or a medical condition that prevents pregnancy, third party reproduction with a gestational surrogate provides another option for children. The intended mother(or egg donor) undergoes ovulation induction and egg retrieval for an IVF cycle. After fertilization with the intended father’s sperm the resulting embryos are then transferred into the uterus of the gestational surrogate. The gestational carrier will carry the baby to delivery for the waiting parents and the resulting child will have the genetic characteristics of the parents.